This biome experiences long, hot summers depending on the latitude of the temperate grassland. Willow Ptarmigan: Small grouse, winter adult is all white with dark-edged tail and small orange-red eye combs. It mostly feeds on submerged aquatic vegetation. Feeds by probing mud with bill or dunking head under water. Eats seeds, insects. Little Bunting: Small finch with dark-streaked gray-brown upperparts, heavily streaked white underparts. Short, rounded tail. Its plumage blends well among prairie grasses, making it difficult to spot. Feeds on buds, fruit, vegetables and seeds. Long wings have large pale patch on base of primaries. Cattle Egret (Palau): Small, short-necked and stocky egret with white body and pale orange-brown patches on head, neck and back. Legs and feet are gray-green. Swift, direct flight on rapidly beating wings. Juvenile has black collar and some black scaling on breast. Soars on thermals. Blue-faced Parrotfinch: Small green finch with black bill, blue front and face, red rump, and red tail. Head has large, round, pale buff facial disk with fine, brown tinges, black around eyes, and small ear tufts. Bouyant, erratic flight with slow, silent wingbeats. Long, green-yellow legs and feet. Animals of the Temperate Forest Woodpeckers serve an important role in the forest. Dark eye-lines contrast with pale yellow eyebrows curving upward behind eyes. Soars on thermals, updrafts. The sides and breast are pale brown with bold dark streaks. Legs and feet are black. Short, low flights, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Northwestern Crow: Fairly small crow , black overall with dark, stout bill, iridescent violet gloss on body, and blue-black wings. Fortunately some grassland birds, like the Eastern Meadowlark, are adaptive and can sustain relatively … Bill, legs and feet are black. Legs and feet are black. Medium-length wings with brown-black flight feathers. Red-winged Blackbird: Small blackbird with jet-black body and bright red shoulder patches edged with yellow on bottom. Wings and tail are iridescent blue and green-black. Black-tailed Godwit: Large, tall godwit with black-barred, orange-brown body. Both sexes are protective of feeding territories. The white crown has distinct black lines. Cassin's Kingbird: Large flycatcher, dark olive-gray upperparts, dull yellow underparts. Wings are dark-tipped and have dark leading edge on fore wing. Females are duller in color. Tail is long and white-edged with dark bars. White-winged Tern: Small tern, black head, body, and underwing coverts; white rump, vent, upperwing coverts, and tail; flight feathers are pale gray. Flies low, with rapid shallow stiff wing beats followed by short glides. Thin white stripes on dark wings visible in flight. The diet includes marine worms, crustaceans and mollusks. Black-tipped yellow bill is long and straight. Bill is gray. Medium-length black-gray legs and feet. Bewick's Wren: Small wren with unstreaked, gray to red-brown upperparts and plain white underparts. Yellow eyes. Face is gray with yellow eyestripe and breast is yellow. Flight is swift and direct, attained by rapid vibrating wing strokes. Bill is black with yellow tip; legs and feet are black. Swift direct flight on rapid wing beats. Short flight, alternates several rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Whimbrel: This large long-legged sandpiper has brown and white mottled upperparts and buff underparts with faint streaks on sides and flanks. Bill is pink. Gunnison Sage-Grouse: Recognized as a species in 2000. Tail is white with rust-brown wash. Gray Heron: Large wading bird, upperparts are pale gray to blue-gray, underparts are white. This dark gray bird has a black head and neck and white feathers on the flanks and under tail coverts, a very distinctive red frontal shield; bill tip is yellow with a red base, and the legs and feet are greenish, without lobes. Blue-crowned Parakeet: Medium-sized green parakeet with a blue head and red-orange highlights in long tail. Diet is heavy in seeds and cultivated grains. Bill is yellow with pale horn. Greater White-fronted Goose: This medium-sized goose has a dark-brown body and the underparts are barred and flecked with black. Horned Grebe: Small grebe, red-brown neck, breast and flanks, nearly black throat and back. Tail is very long, black with white edges and wags constantly. Diet includes insects and grains. Horned Lark: Medium-sized lark with pale or dark brown upperparts and white underparts. It has a strong, swift direct flight. Legs are completely feathered. Heavy, pink bill with black tip, culmen. Brown-headed Cowbird: Small blackbird with glossy brown head, heavy bill, and dark eyes. Indigo Bunting: Small finch with brilliant, almost iridescent, blue plumage. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Female lacks head markings, and shorter tail is all green. Eyes have white spectacles and dark eye patches. The sexes are similar. Montezuma Quail: Odd, plump quail with short tail, complexly buff-barred and streaked dark upperparts, and heavily white spotted dark underparts divided by a wide rufous-brown stripe from breast to tail. Sallies from perch to catch insects in air. Feeds on insects, small fish, berries and fruit. Feeds mostly on grains and seeds. As well as those that consume other animals that live in this biome. Yellow-fronted Canary: Native to sub-Saharan Africa, this small finch has olive-gray upperparts and bright yellow underparts and rump, a gray crown and nape, yellow eyebrow and cheek, a dark malar stripe and gray legs and feet. Head has a shaggy crest. It has a thin, short black bill and black legs and feet. Yellow-headed Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird with black body, bright yellow hood and breast, and distinct white wing patches. Gray head has white patch in front of eye. Black flight feathers and short tail are visible in flight. On the steppes you’ll find similar animals to the Great Plains including lynx, antelopes, falcons, and fox. Gray-headed form has gray head, rump, breast, and sides, and rust-brown back. The upperparts are heavily barred gray-brown, and the underparts are finely barred. Female lacks the train and has a green lower neck and duller plumage. Sexes are similar. Very active bird, nervous and restless while foraging. Tallgrass prairie birds subsist primarily on the insects and seeds, and in the owl’s case, rodents, and nest among dense vegetation on the ground. Cap is chestnut-brown. Sexes are similar. Wings are brown with two white bars. Mothlike flight, frequent changes of direction. Mitred Parakeet: This fairly large green parakeet has a red forehead grading into scattered bright red feathers on the crown, face, cheek, and at times on the bend in the wing. Feeds primarily on mosquito larvae but also takes mollusks and crustaceans. Sexes look alike, but the female is a little bigger. The underparts are white with a brown chest band and brown on the flanks. Sexes are similar. Belly and rump are bright yellow. Black Francolin: The male has a black head and breast flanks with white spots, rufous collar and belly, a brown crown and white cheek patches. Black wings with two white bars. Forages on ground, walking with tail cocked above back. Wings with black tips and black bases of primaries. Orange-cheeked Waxbill: This Estrildid finch is mostly gray with an orange face patch, orange-red bill, brown back and wings, brick-red rump, and orange-yellow patch on the belly. Unlike savannas, where there is a large diversity of animals present, temperate grasslands are generally dominated by just a few species of herbivores such as bison, rabbits, deer, antelope, gophers, prairie dogs,and antelopes. Broad white stripe from eye to sides of breast. Forages on ground. Prairies are grasslands with tall grasses while steppes are grasslands with short grasses. The female lacks ruff and is smaller than the male. Brewer's Sparrow: Medium sparrow with finely streaked gray-brown upperparts, pale eye-ring, dark moustache stripe, and plain, pale gray underparts. Eyestripe is dark. Sexes are similar. White-tailed Kite: Small hawk with gray upperparts, black shoulders, and white face and underparts. Black legs and feet. Black bill. American Kestrel: Small North American Kestrel, has two distinct black facial stripes, rust-brown tail and back, slate-blue wings, black-spotted underparts. Sexes similar. Cinnamon Hummingbird: Medium size, bicolored hummingbird with bronze green upperparts and cinnamon colored underparts. Throat is white with black streaks and partial collar is white. Dark-eyed Junco: Medium-sized sparrow with considerable geographic color variation, although all exhibit a pink bill, dark eyes, white belly, and dark-centered tail with white outer feathers. Feet and legs are dull yellow. Juvenile is paler with more white on throat. White-browed Crake: Small rail, gray-black crown, white lores go above eye, short black mask, white throat in line below and behind eye. The face is pale with finely streaked crown, crisp brown cheek patch, white eyestripe, and gray nape. Tamaulipas Crow: Small crow, shiny black overall with purple-tinted upperparts and duller purple to blue-green tinted underparts. Tail is black-brown with rufous tinged central feathers; buff below and orange-buff on flanks, vent and undertail. Two buff wing bars and narrow black stripe on long wings. It has a fast direct flight with rapid wing beats. Five-striped Sparrow: Medium sparrow, dark, gray-brown upperparts, gray underparts, white belly. Common Greenshank: Large sandpiper with scaled gray-brown upperparts, white rump, and white underparts, streaked and spotted with brown on flanks and sides. Blue-gray bill, legs and feet. Black Rosy-Finch: Medium finch with black-brown breast and back, and gray headband. Strong, swift and direct flight with rapidly beating wings. Wild Turkey: This large, ground-walking bird is iridescent dark brown overall with black and green bars and a small, featherless blue head that changes color with mood. AKA Spice Finch. Eyebrows are pale brown. In the summer it’s really hot and in the winter it’s cold. Tail is short, black above, and white below. Female different, deep crimson red with purple-blue collar and belly, narrow blue-gray eyering, and a black bill. Face is gray with brown crown and forehead. Eastern Phoebe: Small flycatcher with dark gray-brown upperparts and slightly darker wings and tail. Temperate Grassland Animals . Throat to belly is yellow, broad black V on breast. Sexes are similar in appearance, but males are typically larger. Gray-brown upperparts and rufous belly with white to buff coarse bars. White-crowned Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with brown-streaked upperparts, small white throat patch, and plain gray underparts. Flushes in a zigzag pattern. Winter adult and juveniles have white forehead, black crown with white streaks; prominent dark bar on lesser coverts; underparts gray; black bill with red base; legs duller red to black-red. Legs and feet are pink. Head is flat with brown stripes. White patches on long, pointed wings visible in flight. Botteri's Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with brown-streaked, gray upperparts and pale gray underparts. Introduced to North America as a game bird in the early 1900s. It is named after the Pechora River Valley in northeastern Russia, where it breeds and nests. Catches and eats insects in flight and also forages on the ground. Considered threatened in its native range of Ecuador and Peru. Forages on ground and in shrubs, grasses and snowfields. Head, throat and upper breast are black. It has a long black bill that is slightly decurved, and black legs and feet. The head is black, and the short black neck has a partial white ring. White tail has diagnostic black inverted T. Wings have chestnut-brown bars. AKA Red-masked Conure, Cherry-headed Conure. Gull-billed Tern: Lightest North American tern. Eyes are black and very large; bill is dull yellow with a black tip and is long and stout. White feathers on the upper mandible extend past nostril. The bill is long, dark and dagger-like, and the legs and feet are yellow-green. Yellow crown is bordered by a wide black cap; cheek and collar are black. White Wagtail: Medium-sized wagtail, mostly white except for black upperparts and upper breast. Catches insects in flight. The wings have a green speculum and a pale blue shoulder patch visible in flight. Red Knot: This medium-sized sandpiper has black, brown and gray scaled upperparts, a red-brown face, neck, breast and sides, and a white lower belly. Eurasian Curlew: Large curlew, strongly marked underparts lack rich orange or buff tones that other long billed curlews often show. Oriental Greenfinch: Medium finch with dark gray-brown upperparts, brown underparts, yellow undertail coverts. Common Nighthawk: Medium nightjar with white-speckled, dark upperparts, black-and-white barred underparts, mottled breast, white throat. The head has gray-brown cap and thick black eyestripe broken by a white forehead. The sexes are similar. Tail is black with white edges. Short flights, alternates rapid wing beats with brief periods of wings pulled to sides. Tail is short and square, with protruding feather shafts giving a spiked appearance. Wings are long, dark gray with white bars, nearly covering tail when folded. Direct flight on steady, stiff wing beats. Climate:-40 degrees to 70 degrees Fahrenheit ... -Birds -Gophers -Prairie dogs -Rats -Fruits -Watermelon -Berries -Mesquite beans. Legs are orange-brown. Feeds on insects, larvae, snails, seeds, and grains. Tail is long and has white-spotted black edges. Green tail has yellow to orange base in outer feathers. Wings and tail are olive-green. But one of the more popular ones, which has been the location of one of the best Disney movies ever, the grasslands. Wings and tail are black with blue edges. Wings are glossed with green. It feeds by pecking at the surface and probing mud with its bill for small invertebrates. White crescent below eye, black border to white-buff throat. Wings and tail are chestnut-brown. Swamp Sparrow: Small sparrow with dark-streaked brown upperparts, gray upper breast, and pale gray, faintly streaked underparts. Short flights, alternates rapid wing beats with periods of wings pulled to sides. Tail dark with white undertail coverts. Female and juvenile are duller and have shorter tail streamers. Short flights have rapid wingbeats, longer ones are bouyant with shallow, silent wing beats. Sexes are similar, but the male is slightly larger. Undulating flight, alternates flapping and gliding. It feeds on small crustaceans, invertebrates and large insects. Head is white with a large blue-black eyebrow and long black crest. Tail is brown and black barred, rump and lower back is white. Northern Shoveler: This is a medium-sized dabbling duck with a large spoon-shaped bill. The head is round and lacks tufts, eyes are yellow, and the bill is black. The tail is brown with fine, white bars and white-edged dark band at tip. Female is duller, lacks long tail, and has gray bill. Oriental Reed-Warbler: Small brown warbler with short crest, white-buff line above and in front of eye, white throat and breast, and white-buff on rest of underparts. Rosy-faced Lovebird: Small green parrot with red front, pink throat and breast, and blue rump and tail. Mostly feeds on seeds. Pechora Pipit: Small, shy pipit with heavily streaked, dark brown upperparts. Belly and sides are white, uppertail is white with a black tip, and undertail coverts are rich rufous-orange. Medium black-gray legs and feet. Very rare bird; near extinction. There are agricultural practices that are compatible with the needs of birds – such as delaying hay-cutting until nesting birds have fledged. Wings and back are silver-gray with black-and-white bars. Flies in V formation. Bounding flight. Red-legged Crake: Small to medium rail, red-brown head and breast, red eyering, brown back and wings, some black and white marks. Black legs. It mainly feeds on insects and other small invertebrates. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Baird's Sparrow: Small sparrow with pale-streaked, rich dark brown upperparts, white underparts, and dark streaks on upper breast and flanks. Diet includes insects, worms and spiders. Wings have faint pale bar on tips of greater coverts. The ear tufts are close together, long, black and rufous, and are not visible in flight. Eurasian Kestrel: Small falcon, spotted rufous upperparts, brown-streaked buff underparts. Legs are orange-red. Formerly Common Peafowl, the name was changed in 2014 by the American Ornithologist Union. It has a white-tipped, brown-black tail, and brown-black legs and feet. It plunge dives on occasion. Feeds on insects, seeds and grains. Female is duller with olive back and lacks black cap and yellow shoulder bars. Strong, direct and swift flight on rapidly beating wings. 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